The atopic triad: allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and asthma, the most common conditions in children

The atopic triad: allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and asthma, the most common conditions in children

It is essential to identify the causes that aggravate the symptoms to avoid complications.

louis ochoa

August 01, 2022 | | Reading time: 4 minutes

Dr. Damaris Torres Paoli, former president of the Dermatological Society of Puerto Rico. Photo: Journal of Medicine and Public Health. Fabiola square.

The Dr Damaris Torres, former president of the Dermatological Society of Puerto Ricospoke with the Journal of Medicine and Public Health during the ExpoSalud event, a meeting attended by different specialists with extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and explained the importance of treating the atopic dermatitisas an autoimmune disease more common in children and incurable.

In this regard, he explained what is called atopy or the atopic triad, a set of common allergies in patients with dermatitis. “The atopic dermatitis it can be hereditary and is seen in patients who have the atopic triad. Many patients have allergic rhinitis, asthma Yes atopic dermatitiswhich are considered atopic because they overreact to allergens, odors and substances in the environment,” he said.

Likewise, he pointed out that although the disease does not heal, the manifestations can be controlled, following treatment and applying the necessary care. “In some children who have these allergies when they reach puberty, their symptoms are controlled and they do not have these exacerbations, however, it is necessary to identify what can exacerbate these symptoms and for that, it is necessary to go to the dermatologist, ” he added.

Some people also suffer from contact dermatitis and are more sensitive to exposures to different types of materials, such as nickel, rubber, and metals.

Dr. Torres said stress can also be a factor that exacerbates symptoms of dermatitis, however, it is important to get the correct diagnosis to identify it. “You have to go to the primary care doctor or dermatologist to make the correct diagnosis and use the correct medications, to avoid, for example: they put a very strong steroid on the face, which does a lot of damage .”

Regarding peak seasons or summer times, he said patients with skin conditions may be affected due to sun exposure, therefore, they should keep their skin moisturized, apply sunscreen solar at least 20 minutes before exposing yourself to the sun and avoid the hours between 10 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon, since these are the periods in which the ultraviolet rays have a greater intensity and therefore a impact on the skin.

The atopic dermatitis It affects almost 300,000 Puerto Ricans, who are exposed to different environmental antigens, such as vegetation, industries and cars. The main symptoms that may occur are: dry, itchy skin (usually at night), spots on the hands, feet, ankles, neck or wrists, small bumps that may form crusts, scaly or inflamed skin due to scratching.

According to the Mayo Clinic portal, patients can prevent episodes or exacerbations of atopic dermatitisby applying the following actions:

Moisturize the skin at least twice a day.

Identify and avoid triggers that make the condition worse, such as sweat, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust, and pollen.

Avoid foods that can cause these symptoms.

Use mild soaps.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends considering a bleach bath to help prevent flare-ups; however, it is important to consult the dermatologist.

See the full program here:

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